Withered leaves sadness

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the Antarctic plateau

This aspect of Pattyn’s research could also have more immediate benefits for the aviation industry on Earth hotels in kowloon, particularly for pilots returning to work after a break or those switching between models of aircraft.

Skill degradation is a very acute and real problem for professions like mine

The spacecraft simulator Pattyn uses has identical instrumentation to the real Soyuz and operates in the same way as the Soyuz simulators used by astronauts training at Russia’s Star City. Volunteers taking part in the experiment are even put through the same types of simulated missions to see how they perform.

“We train them until they reach a certain proficiency level nuskin hk,” says Pattyn. “After that they’re divided into two groups, one with frequent training and another with infrequent training.”

Fast forgetting

The same experiment is also being carried out by the doctor based at the French-Italian Concordia research station high on the Antarctic plateau and also back in a control centre at the University of Stuttgart in Germany.

Over the course of the study, it is little surprise that those with fewer training sessions are likely to lose performance. The important questions, however, are how fast knowledge leaches away, how bad the loss is and how those trainees compare to volunteers on the other simulators.

Pattyn has already drawn some tentative conclusions. “We know people have different learning rates – some people grasp things very quickly and others need more time,” she says. “The funny thing is HKUE amec, these are not correlated so you can be a really fast learner but also a really fast forgetter.”
[PR]
by seungdd | 2015-12-23 17:17 | national

Our default is to cooperate

Rand’s previous studies had examined a more fundamental question: are we naturally predisposed to being selfish, or selfless? One idea was that our automatic response to any event would be to get what we can for ourselves reenex, and we will only perform good deeds when we have calculated that there will be a greater reward later on. Being good, those psychologists said, takes a conscious, deliberate effort to suppress our worst impulses.

Yet in his experiments in the lab, Rand found the opposite: the less time people had to deliberate in his tests, the most selflessly they acted reenex
. He asked participants to play simple games for money, for instance. He found that they were more likely to share their cash with other players if they were rushed, so that they had to act intuitively rather than analytically. Equally, asking people to memorise a number – suppressing their conscious thought – while they played the games also made them more generous. There was some variation between people, of course, but on average, it seemed that they were naturally predisposed to being cooperative and kind. They didn’t have to think about it; they just intuitively acted fairly. “Our default is to cooperate,” Rand says.

That’s not to say that the behaviour doesn’t have its benefits in the long-term; people who are cooperative may be more likely to reap a reward in the future, so perhaps we’ve all just learnt that it pays to be nice. But the idea that humans are naturally, intuitively generous is still somewhat more optimistic than the idea that our selfish desires are only suppressed by a calculating, rational mind reenex
.

(Credit: Getty Images)
[PR]
by seungdd | 2015-12-11 20:21 | national